Ultralearning is a strategy.

It’s suited for certain situations and not others. Using a strategy is a choice, not a commandment.

Ultralearners usually work alone. They spend months and years without announcing their efforts.

Scott Young

9 Principles of Ultralearning

  1. Metalearning – First draw a map. Start by learning how to learn.
  2. Focus – Carve out chunks of time when you can cultivate concentration.
  3. Directness – Learn by doing.
  4. Drill – Improve your weakest points.
  5. Retrieval – Test yourself, push yourself to actively recall information.
  6. Feedback – Extract the essence from the noise.
  7. Retention – Understand what you forget and why.
  8. Intuition – Dig deep before building up. Understand how you understand.
  9. Experimentation – Explore outside your comfort zone.


If you can’t practice the exact skill you’re trying to learn (example: pilot, surgeon), practice something as close as possible (e.g. simulators).


Testing yourself – trying to retrieve information with the book closed – easily outperform repeating the material and drawing a concept map.

It’s a lot harder which is what makes it more effective.


IF you want to become a better lover, try out new things, see how your partner responds.

If you want to become a better cook, hire a coach, expose yourself to as much feedback as possible.


Don’t expect to get it perfect the first time around. Get your hands dirty. Tweak along the way.

Kyaw Wai Yan Tun

Hi, I'm Wai Yan. I love designing visuals and writing insightful articles online. I see it as my way of making the world a more beautiful and insightful place.